Spinal arthritis – also called degenerative joint disease – is the breakdown of the cartilage between the facet joints in the spine, leading to low back pain and/or leg pain.
A herniated disc occurs when the inner gel in the disc leaks out and puts pressure upon a spinal nerve, often leading to leg pain or arm pain.
Degenerative disk disease is when your spinal disks wear down. Spinal disks are rubbery cushions between your vertebrae (bones in your spinal column). They act as shock absorbers and help you move, bend and twist comfortably. Everyone’s spinal disks degenerate over time and is a normal part of aging. When the cushions wear away, the bones can start to rub together. This contact can cause pain and other problems.
Most fractures in the spine are caused by osteoporosis, which is a condition in which bones lose structural integrity.
As we get older, our bones get thinner and our bone strength decreases. Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become very weak and more likely to break. It often develops unnoticed over many years, with no symptoms or discomfort until a bone breaks.
Spinal stenosis is a condition in which parts of the spine narrows and can lead to compression of a spinal nerve or the spinal cord in the neck.
Cervical spondylosis is a general term for age-related wear and tear affecting the spinal disks in your neck. Cervical spondylosis is very common and worsens with age. In many cases, it is treated by non-surgical methods.
Spondylolisthesis is a spinal condition that causes lower back pain. It occurs when one of your vertebrae, the bones of your spine, slips out of place onto the vertebra below it. Most of the time, nonsurgical treatment can relieve symptoms. Surgery is an option for severe cases.
Scoliosis is commonly called curvature of the spine. The spine is usually straight. In scoliosis the spine is curved sideways in either an S or C shape. It is common in the period when children grow quickly in late childhood and early adolescence.
Sciatica is the name given to pain caused by irritation of the sciatic nerve. Anything that irritates this nerve can cause pain, ranging from mild to severe. Sciatica is usually caused by a compressed nerve in the lower spine.
Sciatic nerve is the longest and widest nerve in the human body. It runs from the lower back, through the buttocks, and down the legs, ending just below the knee.
A spinal tumor is an abnormal mass of tissue within or surrounding the spinal cord and/or spinal column.
Spinal tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Primary tumors originate in the spine or spinal cord, and metastatic or secondary tumors result from cancer spreading from another site to the spine.
A broad generic symptoms of spinal conditions are listed below.
During your first visit, Dr. Deepak G Shivarathre will talk to you about your symptoms and medical history. During the physical examination, he will test your ability to stand and walk, examine your spine’s range of motion, etc. Depending on injury or condition, he may prescribe the below tests to determine the source of your pain and the best treatment plan.