A fracture is a break or a crack in a bone. It occurs when a force exerted against a bone is stronger than the bone can bear. The most common sites for bone fractures are the wrist, ankle and hip.
Dislocation occurs when the end of a bone moves out of its normal position in a joint. For example, if your shoulder pops out of its socket, it’s dislocated.
A sprain happens when a ligament stretches too much or tears. Ligaments connect bones and stabilize joints. These injuries can be mild or severe, and they’re common in your ankle, knee and wrist.
A strain occurs when you overextend a muscle and it stretches or tears. Examples include hamstring strain, back strain and abdominal strain.
Cartilage is like a flexible shock absorber that covers and protects the ends of some bones. Cartilage injuries can occur in joints such as your knee and shoulder.
Tendinitis occurs when your tissues that connect muscles to bones (tendons) become swollen and inflamed. It’s caused by repetitive movements over time. An example is jumper’s knee (patellar tendonitis).
A blow to the head usually causes this injury, causing disorientation and dizziness, among other symptoms.
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The signs and symptoms of a sports injury depend on the type of injury. Common symptoms include: